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Welcome to the M-J: Center For Revolutionary Nationalism and Ideological Research and Organization

The Battle of the Bulge
Cultural Extremists
On the 'Nican Tlaca' Enigma
The Myth of the Vanishing Race
The Mestizo Concept: A Product of European Imperialism
El concepto de indio en América
OBITUARIES: G. Tantaquidgeon, 106
Christopher Columbus - on trial
Charioteer of the Gods/ Alien Versus Predator
The International Jew
On The Jewish Question
Anthropophagy: TRUE CANNIBALISM!
On Human Sacrifice
Sacrificios Humanos entre los Mexicas, Realidad o Fantasia?
Sacrificios Humanos
Death Be Not Strange
Jack D. Forbes: Eurocentric Concepts Harm Native People and What Do We Mean By America and American
Contra la deformación histórica-cultural
Nuestra Cultura Indígena
On the Spanish Catholic Inquisition
Myths of the Spaniards and Puritans
On the behavior of the Europeans toward the Native Americans
The Role of Disease in 'Conquest'
Germs, Plagues, Famine, Invasion, Friars, And Native Allies!
"Religious Aspects of the Conquest of Mexico"
There is no word for 'Devil' in the Nahuatl Language
Origins of First Americans Research
Links to Further research On the Origins of the First Americans
The Finding and Founding of Tenochtitlan
Attack on the Copernican Theory
Of the basis which the Indians have for worshipping the sun
ADDENDUM II: The Florentine Codex
Rabinal Achi: Act Four--Inside the Fortress
Cultural Visibility and the Cora
Los Voladores and the Return of the Ancestors
War Songs of the Tenochka
Cantares Mexicanos
Viva Mi General Francisco Villa!
In Spirit of Agustin Lorenzo
Corridos y Canciones del Pueblo
Poems & Speeches & Prayers & the Enemy Invasion
Second Chapter, Which Telleth of the Moon
Men Who Became Gods!
The Mexica or Mexiti
In Ixiptla In Teteo!
Teotecpillatolli: Noble Sacred Speech
Nahua Invocations
Cuento: La llorona
Puerta del Diablo: El Salvador
Moctezuma el Magnifico y la Invasion de Anahuak
In Blood and Fire!!
Excerpts of the Geneva Protocols
Amendment V, and The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 18
Paper Wars
The Defense of Duffer's Drift
The Battle of the Bulge
Truth and Falsehood in War-Time
The Bryce Report
Sun Tzu: Arte de Guerra
Sun Tzu: On Spies
We Believe and Profess
Mushashi: Cinco Anillos
Sixth Chapter, which telleth of the men, the valiant men
Seeds of Revolt in the Americas: Synopsis
'Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders' & 'License To Kill'
Jose Ortega Y Gasset: On Plato's 'Republic' and On Forms of Government
Thomas Paine (17371809). Common Sense. 1776 [Excerpts]
Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality
Introduction to Deloria's "We Talk, You Listen"
My Tayta Jose Maria and the Indian aspect of the Peruvian Revolution
Philip Deere, Longest Walk speech
Bacbi'awak: 'Made To Die'
Born Gods!
Prologue: "The Stars We Know: Crow Indian Astronomy and Life-ways"
Black Elk Speaks: Visions of the Other World
Miantinomo, Acuera, and Tecumseh, Hatuey Speaks
Chief Seattle Speaks
Chief Red Cloud Speaks
Hopi: A Message for All People
On Judeo-Christianity
"LET'S MAKE A SLAVE" by Willie Lynch
On Slavery
On Indian Casinos
¿Quién Gobierna el Mundo?
Frida Kahlo is Not Our Hero!
Links to Movies and Films
General Links to Musica del Pueblo (Songs and Music Videos)
General Philosophy & Mytho-Religious Links
Links to Online Magazines and Newspaper
Researchers Tools and Links
Links to General Science, Almanacs & Geography
Search Engines
Literature & Biography Links
Links to Art, Architecture, & Museums
LINKS to Political and Cultural Pro-American-Indigenous Organizations

The Battle of the Bulge

On about October 20, 1944, I returned to the Fuhrer's G.H.Q. which
was frighteningly near the front now that the Russians had penetrated
deep into Eastern Prussia. This time Adolf Hitler received me alone.
He was pleasant, as usual; I had the distinct impression that he was
fitter and more rested than at the time of our last meeting. After
announcing that he had awarded me the Gold Cross, he asked me to
describe in detail the arrest of the young Horthy and the surprise
attack on the Burgberg. When I completed this report and rose,
believing the audience finished, he detained me.

"Stay, Skorzeny. I am going to charge you with a new mission,
perhaps the most important in your life. So far, very few people
know that we are preparing in utmost secrecy a mission in which you
are to play a principal part. In December, the German Army will
launch a great offensive the issue which will be decisive in the
destiny of our country."

The Fuhrer then undertook to explain to me at length the strategic
conception of this last offensive in the west which continental
historians have called the Offensive of the Ardennes and the English-
Speaking historians the Battle of the Bulge.

During the last few months, the German command had had to remain
content with trying to keep the enemy armies in check. This had been
a period of successive reverses and continual losses of ground both
in the east and in the west. Already the Allies considered Germany
as a "corpse" whose final burial was now but a question of time; to
believe the Anglo-American radio, the Allies could choose the day of
the funeral at will.

"They do not see that Germany is fighting for Europe," Hitler
exclaimed bitterly, "that she is sacrificing herself for Europe in
order to bar the road to the Occident to Asia."

In his opinion, neither the British nor the American people wanted
this war any longer. Consequently if the "German corpse" rose to
strike a smashing blow in the west, the Allies, under the pressure of
a public opinion made furious at having been hoodwinked, would
perhaps be ready to conclude an armistice with this corpse which was
so lively. Then we could throw all our divisions, all our armies
into battle on the Eastern Front and, in a few months, liquidate the
frightful threat that weighed over Europe. Moreover for almost one
thousand years Germany had mounted guard against the Asiatic hordes
and she would not fail in this sacred mission.

For some weeks now, a few members of the General Staff had been
preparing a great offensive. We must now regain the initiative which
at present belonged solely to the Allies. Even during the Anglo-
American advance from the beaches of Normandy to the German
frontiers, Adolf Hitler had been considering a vigorous
counterattack. But the critical situation of all our armies had made
the execution of such a plan impossible.

Now for the last three weeks the Allies were no longer advancing. On
one hand, their lines of communication had been enormously
lengthened; on the other, the materiel of their motorized armies was
worn out after four months of incessant battles. Thanks to these two
factors, our western front, after having all but collapsed, was now

According to the Fuhrer, it was their supremacy in the air which
permitted the Allies to land and to win the battle of France and
Belgium. But it was to be hoped that the bad weather predicted for
the last months of the year would reduce Anglo-American air activity
for a while at least. And the Luftwaffe could muster 2,000 new jet-
planes which had been held in reserve for this offensive.

Finally a lightning offensive would prevent the creation of a strong
French army. For the moment the Allies possessed seventy large
units, which was distinctly insufficient for a front some 450 miles
long. Consequently it must be possible for a strong concentration of
German troops to break through some weakly defended sector before the
Allies could consolidate their front by using new French divisions.

"As for the choice of the weak spot," the Fuhrer continued, "we have
been discussing the question for weeks. We have examined no less
than five successive plans: first, "Operation Holland" starting from
the region of Venloo and pushing westward towards Antwerp … second,
an offensive launched north of Luxemburg, to proceed towards the
northwest first, then due north, supported by a second push starting
from the region north of Aix-la-Chapelle … third, an action involving
two columns, one starting from the center of Luxemburg, the other
from Metz, the two to meet at Longwy … fourth, another action
involving two columns would leave respectively from Metz and Baccarat
to meet at Nance … fifth and last, Operation Alsace, with one push
starting from Epinal, the other from Montbeliard, the junction to be
effected in the region of Vesoul.

"Having long pondered the pros and cons of each of these five
projects, we eliminated the last three. Operation Holland seems
interesting but it entails great risks. Finally we decided to
elaborate the plan of an offensive starting north of Luxemburg and
supported by a drive starting from Aix-la-Chapelle. It is in this
region we broke through in the first campaign of France in 1940.

"As for you and the units under your orders, we have chosen you for
one of the most difficult tasks within the framework of this
offensive. As advance groups, you will have to occupy one or several
bridges on the Meuse between Liege and Namur. You will carry out
this mission thanks to a stratagem: your men will wear British and
American uniforms. Thanks to the same ruse the enemy has been able
to inflict serious damage on us in several commando raids; for
instance, a few days ago, when we took Aix-la-Chapelle, an American
detachment, wearing German uniforms, was able to slip though our
lines, will be expected to issue false orders, to hamper
communications, and, in a general way, to throw the Allied troops
into confusion. Your preparations must be completed by December
first. As for the details, you see General Jodl.

"I know the time given you is very short," the Fuhrer admitted, "but
I count on you to do the impossible. Of course you yourself will be
at the front when the time comes for your troops to go into action.
However I forbid you to venture into the enemy lines; we cannot
afford to lose you …."

A few hours later General Jodl received me and, with the help of a
map, explained certain details of the operation. The offensive,
starting from the region lying between Aix-la-Chapelle and Luxemburg
and heading towards Antwerp would thereby cut off the 2nd British
Army and the American elements fighting in the region of Aix. At the
same time, the High command provided for a covering line southward
(Luxemburg-Namur-Louvain) and Northward (Eupen-Liege-Longeren-Hasselt
as far as the Albert Canal).

Under the best conditions, Antwerp should be reached in about seven
days. The final objective of the operation was the destruction of
the enemy forces north of a line running from Antwerp to Brussels, as
well as in the region of Bastogne.

The combined units undertaking the offensive were designated as Group
of Armies B; Marshal Model was in command. This group of armies,
from north to south, comprised the 6th armored Army (Waffen SS
General Dietrich), the 5th Armored Army (General von Manteuffel) and
the 7th Army. After a brief but violent artillery bombardment,--
instinctively I recalled the 6,000 cannons the Fuhrer had mentioned
to me,--the armies were to break through at several places selected
according to tactical considerations.

"As for you, Skorzeny," General Jodl declared, "you will go into
action in the region covered by the 6th Armored Army. Here is a
study which will interest you particularly; it shows the situation
such as it will be—at least, I hope—twenty-four hours after the
beginning of operations."

On the map that Jodl spread out before us, we saw that the High
Command expected to be able to attack on the Eupen-Ververies-Liege
line on the second day of the offensive; it also believed that in the
center, two bridgeheads would have been established on the far bank
of the Meuse. However, violent attacks by the Allied reserves
against the northern flank of our salient were anticipated.

Before dismissing me, General Jodl asked me to submit, within the
briefest time possible, a list of the personnel and materiel that I
would require. He added that the General Staff ordered him to place
at my disposal all English-speaking officers and men. This order was
subsequently to appear as a most wonderful example of blundering in
so far as the secrecy of the operation was concerned—an example of
blundering by the supreme authority of the German Army.

A few days later I received a copy of this order. Reading it almost
threw an apoplectic fit. Signed by one of the top Staff brass, and
stamped "Secret", the essential passages of this masterpiece may be
boiled down to this:

`To all units of the Wehrmacht: Report until October 10, 1944 all
English-speaking officers and soldiers volunteering for a special
mission. …
These are to be directed to Friedenthal, near Berlin, in view of
their incorporation in the commando units of Lieutenant-Colonel

I flew into a towering rage. Incontestable the Allied secret service
would get wind of this affair. After the war, I learned that less
than a week later the Americans were in possession of this order. I
never understood why they drew no conclusions from it and why they
failed to take certain precautions at the time.

In my opinion, the whole operation was buried before having come to
birth. I immediately dispatched a vigorous protest to G.H.Q.
AND "respectfully" proposed that my mission be cancelled. My letter,
of course, had to go through hierarchical channels. Thus SS General
Fegelein, Hitler's brother-in-law, told me:
"The business is after all incredible and incomprehensible, but that
is only one more reason for you not to speak to the Fuhrer about it.
Consequently it is impossible to cancel your mission."

At about the same time I had an interesting conversation with a
colonel General Winter's Staff. This officer set forth the juridical
aspect of my mission. According to him, in case of capture, small
commando units risked being treated as spies and judged in
consequence. As for the bulk of my troops, international law merely
forbade a man in enemy uniform to use his arms. He therefore
recommended that my soldiers wear German uniforms under the enemy
uniforms; at the moment of the attack, properly speaking, they would
shed their British or American uniforms.
Naturally I decided to follow this advice.

We could now go about making the necessary preparations. My troops
were to form the 150th Armored Brigade. The basis for our plan was
obviously the schedule, our armies were to break through the enemy
front the first day. The second day they were to reach and cross the
Meuse. We were therefore justified in supposing that the remnants of
the Allied forces would be in complete rout by the end of the fist

This established, we understood that we would have to improvise in
order to be halfway ready. As the offensive was schedule for early
December, we had but a month and a few days, clearly too short a time
to organize and train a new unit, especially when that unit was
charged with a special mission. We fully realized that we were faced
with a virtual impossibility. But since I had drawn the Fuhrer's
attention to this, my conscious was perfectly clear.

In order to make into account all unpredictable circumstances, we set
ourselves three main objectives: the bridges which spanned the Meuse
at Engis, at Amay and at Huy. We therefore divided the territory
assigned to the 6th Armored Army into three strips which, growing
narrower as they progressed until each would end at one of these
bridges. To fit this plan, we formed three combat groups which we
baptized with the poetical names of X, Y and Z.
By designation we were supposed to be an armored brigade but in
reality this grandiloquent terminology was just a bluff. We were to
learn this all too soon. We had barely filled our first request for
material when, in answer, the authorities told us that it would
probably be impossible to assign enough captured tanks for a
regiment. Possibly we could be given enough British or American
tanks to a battalion—but even that was doubtful! Here was sorry

Yet our estimates were as modest as possible. In order to economize
on personnel, we had dispensed with auxiliary services; so, according
to my proposals, our "brigade" would consist of:
2 armored companies with 10 tanks each
3 reconnoitering companies with 10 combat cars each
1 company of light antiaircraft
3 battalions of motorized infantry
2 anti-tank companies
1 section of grenade-throwers
1 signal company
1 staff, much reduced, for the brigade
3 staffs, much reduced, for the 3 battalions
1 headquarters company
The whole amounting to about 3,300 men.

In addition there were interminable lists including weapons,
munitions, vehicles, uniforms, and various objects of equipment. We
grew frightened ourselves when we considered that we would have to
obtain all this within a few weeks. For from heavy tanks down to
uniforms, these supplies must come out of booty captured from the
enemy, and our sock of allied equipment could surely not be very
large at the moment. During these last months, our armies had done
nothing but retreat without undertaking a single offensive operation
on a scale which would have permitted us to seize any considerable

When on October 26, 1944, I showed General Jodl the plan of
organization of our "armored brigade" and the list of our needs in
materiel, once again I drew attention to the fact that lack of time
forced us to improvise. Fuhrer I declared that in my opinion our
operation—called "Greif" in code and named after a mythical German
bird—could succeed only if launched the night after the beginning of
the offensive so that we might derice the maximum advantage from the
enemy's surprise and confusion. To make this possible, the first line
divisions must have attained all their objectives on the evening of
the fist day; specifically in our sector, they have gone beyond the
crest of a small mountain range called Le Haut Venne. Otherwise I
would be forced to give up the mission entrusted to me. Further, I
asked for aerial photographs of the three bridges my troops were
meant to seize.

I won ready approval of my plans for the organization of the brigade
and General Jodl promised that the General Staff would back me up in
all my requests for materiel. I look advantage of this to solicit
the loan of three experienced battalion commanders, and, in addition
to the volunteers, the transfer to my brigade of a few homogeneous
Wehrmacht units. These would serve as a frame and skeleton for my
hastily constituted organization.

Soon I received three very capable lieutenant-colonels and, shortly
after, two battalions of Luftwaffe paratroops, two Wehrmacht armored
companies and one signal company. These troops would reinforce the
two companies of my "especial units" and my battalion of

There remained the question of "English-speaking volunteers." When,
a week after the publication—the word is not too strong—of the
famous "secret order," the first hundred volunteers arrived at
Friednthal, I struck a new low in despondency. I wanted to consign
the whole thing to the devil. "professors" attempted to divide the
volunteers into three categories according to their knowledge of the
English language. And category I, composed of soldiers who spoke
English or, better still, American slang fluently and without an
accent, was practically at a standstill. Whereas we needed such men
by the hundreds, we would find one or two at most who deserved to be
classed in this category.

Here I must confess that my own English is pretty weak. What a pity
I had always made the most of English classes to raise Cain with the
poor teacher! But now I tried to catch up for lost time and
occasionally to put in a well-turned phrase. One day I met a young
officer, a flier, who was a candidate for Category I. Quite naturally
I asked him:
"Tell me about yourself in English, please."
The poor lad grew embarrassed, hesitated, then plunged:
"Yes, Herr Oberstleutnant, I became my last order before five
months." He hesitated anew, then added hurriedly in German: "If you
will allow me, I will explain all that in my native tongue …"
So there it was! I could only be cheerful about it. A man cannot
heap insults on a volunteer who is obviously filled with enthusiasm.
But with such prowess, he would certainly never dupe an American,
even a deaf one.

When after a fortnight the selection of volunteers was finished, we
found ourselves faced with a frightful result. The first category,
in its entirety, numbered some ten men, especially former sailors
who, incidentally, formed a large part of the second … The second
category, made up of men who spoke more or less fluently, numbered
some thirty to forty men … the third category, soldiers who knew how
to "make themselves understood" was somewhat more numerous with 150
odd men … the fourth category, lads who had not completely forgotten
what they had learned at school, totaled about 200 … As for the
others, they could be just about say "yes" and "no" ….

Accordingly I was compelled to form a brigade of deaf-mutes for,
after assigning 120 of the best "linguists" to the headquarters
company, I had, so to speak, nobody left. We would perforce mingle
among the fleeing American columns with teeth tight-clenched as
though the extent of the catastrophe had deprived us of the power of

In order to improve this situation somewhat, we sent the second
category of men to an interpreters' school and to an American
prisoners' camp. But as the "course" lasted only a week, the results
were negligible.

As for the bulk of my troops, men who did not understand one single
word of English, we inculcated a few lusty G.I. oaths in them, and
the meaning of "yes", and "no," "O.K." Also, all day long and every
day, we repeated for their benefit the principal words of command
used in the American Army. And that was all we could do to
comouflage our brigade, linguistically speaking.

But this was not the worst, the situation was infinitely more
catastrophic in so far as equipment was concerned. Very early, we
discovered that we could never obtain American tanks in sufficient
numbers. Finally, the day of the offensive, we were the lucky
possessors of two Sherman tanks. One of them broke down after the
first few miles.

In order to replace the American tanks we lacked, the Office of the
Inspector of Armored Troops assigned us twelve German Panthers. We
camouflaged them as best we could by fastening sheet metal around the
guns and the turret so as to give them at least an outline that
resembled that of the Shermans. The result was scarcely
satisfactory: our tanks would fool no one except perhaps some very
young recruits—and then, only if they ventured out a great distance
away, in the twilight.

We were allotted ten British and American combat cars. We puzzled
endlessly about how to use the British models; this proved to be a
problem impossible of solution since we were to fight in a sector
held by the Americans. In the end, the British vehicles spared us
this trouble for, during the very first exercises, they stalled
beyond repair. There remained four American vehicles so we were
obliged to complete our equipment with German combat cars.

We were also supplied with about thirty jeeps. Now I am convinced
that our troops on the Western front possessed an appreciable number
of these vehicles. Unfortunately the "owners" of these wonderful
cars that could travel on any terrain were insurmountably loath to
give them up. They simply ignored the order to do so. Finally we
found consolation in thinking that we would be able to "find" a few
at the front on the day of the offensive. It was this same vague and
deceptive hope which influenced the decisions of our Supreme Command
in the planning of the offensive; they believed the enemy would be
forced to abandon huge stores of gasoline. One more dangerous, and
ultimately, fatal illusion!

For trucks, we were given fifteen American vehicles and some German
Fords which we painted green. We had exactly 50 percent of the
American guns we needed, plus a few anti-tank guns and grenade-
throwers for which we had no ammunition. One day we did receive
several freight cars full of ammunition but it exploded next day.
Apart from the headquarters company, our units received German arms.

But what capped all was our uniforms. And yet here was the essential
point, the sine qua non, since irregular clothing would at once
attract the attention of the M.P.'s. One day we received an enormous
quantity of job-lot clothing. Unfortunately these were British
uniforms. Then we received a freight car full of overcoats, which
were of no interest to us since American soldiers wore only field
jackets. Finally we obtained some of these jackets, but they bore
the triangle of Prisoners of War. As for myself, the brigade
commander, they managed to ferret out exactly one sweater. Finally,
by expedients of all sorts, we managed to clothe our men more or less
decently, especially the headquarters company. What was lacking, we
thought, would be completed in the course of our advance thanks to
the stocks of clothing left behind by a fleeing enemy.

While we were struggling with these difficulties, Lieutenant-Colonel
Hardieck began training the men. In order to preserve secrecy, our
drill ground was declared our of bounds and we even prohibited the
sending and delivery mail. Naturally the most incredible rumors about
the goal of these mysterious preparations ran rife. The soldiers,
knowing that I was to assume command of the brigade, expected some
action like the rescue of Mussolini. Presently Lieutenant-Colonel
Hardieck could no longer restrain the general curiosity in spite of
increasingly severe methods employed to cut short such maddening
rumors. Soon there was so much discussion in all quarters that he
feared for the secrecy of our operation. He came to report to me on
this situation.

When, sitting in my room at Friedenthal, I learned the unimaginable
gossip my men spread abroad, I felt my hair bristle on my wretched
skull. At any rate, these lads were not lacking in ideas. Some knew
from a reliable source that our brigade would cross the whole of
France to free the garrison besieged in Brest. Others averred that
our mission was to relieve the blockaded defenders of Lorient. They
had, with their own eyes, seen plans which would permit us to storm
the fortress. There were a round dozen other versions which should
scarcely have disturbed us if we had not feared that Allied
counterespionage might become a little too much interested in our
preparations. What could we do to put an end to these tall stories?
We decided that the simplest method would prove the most efficient:
from now on we would deny none of these rumors but rather simulate a
lively irritation at seeing our men so well-informed. Thus we
thought we would sow confusion in the minds of the Allied secret

As time passed—and it passed terribly quickly—we intensified the
training of the men. Chiefly, we repeated several versions of the
general theme, bridgehead. In a somewhat different field, we strove
to make our men lose the rigid bearing which results from German
military training with its exaggerated and useless discipline.
Finally we even accustomed them to us the use of chewing gum and the
typically American way of opening a package of cigarettes.

At all events the almost perfectly camouflaged company we possessed
was the headquarters company. We therefore decided to be as
exclusively as possible in admitting men to it. Our instructions
were to leave the greatest latitude to the spirit of initiative of
the soldiers. As advanced observers at the front, they would render
inappreciable services to the bulk of our armies. They had also to
try to add to the confusion reigning among the enemy, by spreading
false rumors, by exaggerating the initial success of the German
divisions, by giving fantastic orders, by cutting the telephone lines
and by destroying reserve munitions.

One day after I had finished inspecting my troops, an officer in this
company asked to speak confidentially to me. He declared very
"Colonel, I now know the purpose of the operation we are preparing."
For a moment I was perplexed. Could Foelkersam or Hardieck, the only
persons who shared the secret, have committed some involuntary
indiscretion? But already the officer, manifestly satisfied by the
effect his first words had produced, whispered:
"The brigade is to march to Paris in order to capture allied G.H.Q."
this was almost too much for me, I had to exercise great self-control
to avoid laughing. I contented myself with an indefinable
exclamation of "Hm! Hm!" This sufficed to set him off again
"As I know every inch of Paris, I should like to offer my help,
Colonel. Naturally I shall keep mum about this."
I asked him for suggestions; he propounded a detailed plan. A column
of pseudo-prisoners, surrounded by soldiers speaking perfect English,
would enter Paris just like that! Even German tanks could take part
in the excursion under the guise of booty to be presented to Allied

I found it difficult to stem the flow of his verbiage. At length I
dismissed him, having asked him to study his plan in greater detail,
to come back to see me, and especially to be sure not to talk! Much
later I learned that he had not observed this last injunction. For
weeks, Allied counterespionage was on the watch, notably over the
Café de Paris, which I had mentioned in the course of this

Toward mid-November, G.H.Q. postponed the date of the offensive,
first scheduled for December 1, to December 10 and then to December
16. The positions of the attacking troops had not been determined,
the equipment of the divisions was still incomplete. These delays
indicated that we were throwing our last reserves of men and materiel
into this battle.

This fact was also made clear by the daily conferences at the
Fuhrer's G.H.Q., to which I was summoned on three occasions. Each
time I heard that such and such a division lacked tanks, another guns
and a third trucks. I realized that General Guderian, commandant of
the Eastern Front, bitterly begrudged every tank and every battalion
taken for him and transferred to the west. In the bed it is meant to
cover. When we wished to protect the feet, that is the west, we were
obliged to expose the head, that is the east.

One day the Luftwaffe report indicated that even the greatest courage
of our pilots could no longer compensate the numerical superiority of
the enemy. Suddenly I heard the figures as an officer said: "Two
hundred and fifty jet-propelled planes will take part in the Ardennes
offensive." I could not believe my ears. So that was all that
remained of the 2,000 that the Fuhrer himself had announced on
October 22? But Hitler himself was not even listening. Patently he
was already reconciled to our defeat in the air.

At the end of deliberations, the Fuhrer reminded me once again of his
order not to cross the enemy lines myself. I must be content merely
to direct my detachments by radio. This prohibition, uttered in an
inexorable tone, was painful to me for I had thought the Fuhrer would
have forgotten it. Would I be condemned to remain in the rear while
my comrade fought the battle of despair? It would certainly be the
first time this ever happened to me. I decided to impart this order
to my battalion chiefs—a rather disagreeable ordeal—but I added that
I would join them if the situation turned critical. Anyhow, I would
not remain sheltered in the staff offices; I would certainly find
myself some position in the staff offices; I would certainly find
myself some position quite near the front.

So far our preparations seemed to have completely eluded the
observation of the Allies. The enemy front remained quiet and
received scant reinforcement. The Americans seemed to expect a long
period of rest. I felt that they would not enjoy it for long.

During the night of December 13-14, we took up our jumping-off
position. On December 14 I officially assumed command of my armored
brigade. In a forester's cottage, I gave my last instructions to my
battalion chiefs. The main thing was to keep in constant contact.
Next I insisted on the necessity of refraining from firing; the
slightest shot risked botching the whole operation. Our groups were
to keep on advancing and advancing, allowing nothing to stand in
their way; they would have to decide on the terrain itself what meant
they must employ to seize the bridges. At all events, we could not
permit ourselves to fight a real battle; we were much too weak to do
so. Our project could be carried out on two conditions only: the
enemy front must have given way and, from the very first day of the
offensive, our advance must have penetrated far behind the Allied

During the night of December 15-16 nobody slept. We expected to set
out a few hours after the beginning of the offensive. My three radio
teams had settled down at the edge of the forest; they had already
transmitted the first messages from our three combat groups, which
had taken up their positions behind the armored troops. There they
would await a signal from me, ordering them to put on their
camouflage uniforms and rush forward through the open breach into the
region held by the enemy. For the moment, we were all waiting amid
an almost intolerable nervous tension. The dawn of December 16,
1944, rose slowly, very slowly….

At one fell swoop, thousands of guns broke loose and spat forth a
dense hail of projectiles on the enemy position. Soon the artillery
barrage advanced, the range lengthened, the German infantry made
ready to attack. Unable to stay in place, I went to the staff
headquarters of our Army Corps.

The first reports came in at about seven o'clock. They were not
exactly brilliant but the day was far from done. Our fire, violent
though it was, did not seem to have impaired the American positions
near Loosheim. The enemy was resisting with extraordinary tenacity,
our attack was making no headway. Gritting our teeth, we waited. At
noon we learned of stubborn fighting and a few gains in ground, but
this was certainly not the breakthrough we had counted upon.

I wondered why the command had not yet sent the tanks into action.
They had advanced a few miles, just as far as our advance had
reached, so that they now occupied the position when the infantry had
started off. My combat groups were still behind them.

A little later, my radio announced that Lieutenant Colonel Hardieck
had been killed. Captain von Foelkersam took command of his

The day of December 16 passed without the sixth Armored Army having
obtained any decisive result. Early that afternoon, everybody
realized that the tanks must be used if we wished to attempt the
great breakthrough. To get a general view of the picture, I tried to
drive to Loosheim. There was an indescribable bottleneck of vehicles
along the roads. To reach the little town I had repeatedly to
alight, shout, swear, push, and give orders to the drivers of blocked
cars, so that I covered at least six miles on foot. At loosheim I
could hear the din of the battle quite distinctly. In the forest
surrounding the town, the parachutists who had attacked that morning
were vainly attempting to move forward, but a little further south,
the situation appeared more favorable. In this sector, we had
apparently made considerable progress.

At Loosheim, I met one part of my headquarters company, consisting of
the elements which I had kept at hand. I was now compelled to make
an extraordinarily serious decision. It was evident that our troops
would not reach the positions they were to have carried during this
first day of the offensive. Logically I ought therefore purely and
simply to cancel Operation Greif, which we had prepared so
laboriously and which lay so close to my heart. I was never a man to
give up easily. And one hope remained, namely that if our armored
cars attacked during the coming night, the offensive might still
succeed. If we could cross the crest of Le Haut Vienne tomorrow, our
armies would stand a good chance of reaching the Meuse, in which case
the previous capture of the bridges by my units might well decide the
fate of the battle.

From among the keenest men of the headquarters company, I formed
three groups entrusted with the disorganization of the enemy's rear
lines. I ordered them to go further south and to look there for a
possibility of infiltrating behind the enemy lines so as to carry out
their various missions to the best of their abilities. I asked them
especially to explore the three roads down which my three combat
detachments were to pass if all went well.

Finally I returned to Army Corps staff headquarters. At about
midnight, the tanks launched their attacks. The first news of their
progress would perhaps reach us at dawn. Completely exhausted, as I
had not slept for the last thirty-six hours, I threw myself onto a
mattress and sank into a deep slumber.

Presently I was awakened to be told that the first group had
returned. The news they brought back was of particular interest to
the High Command. At about five in the morning the staff received the
first message from the tanks: "Despite strong enemy resistance, we
have just taken the village of Honsfeld." Perhaps the offensive was
at last getting under way, we thought. Soon another armored group,
fighting further to the south, reported considerable gains too.

Early that day the staff was to move westward in the region o
Manderfeld. I decided to go there as a scout. The traffic jam on
the roads was even more inextricable, if that was possible, than the
day before. An uninterrupted line of vehicles advanced by small
leaps and bounds, now sixty yards, now one hundred, now fifty or
sixty again. Soon I lost patience, turned right about, and tried to
get through over gutted roads that were barely passable. But I had
scarcely reached another village when I again I fell into the chaos
of tangled vehicles. I resigned myself to abandoning the my car and
continuing on foot. At times, by dint of patience, I managed to
straighten out the embroilment caused by a mass of cars heaped one
upon the other. Whenever I saw an officer taking it easy on the
cushions of his car, I ordered him to alight and to try to regulate
this incredible traffic.

On a hill near Stadkyll, a huge Leftwaffe trailer was snarled up with
several vehicles in such a way as to block the road completely.
About thirty men were toiling in effectually to release this sort of
rolling platform. When I inquired about the load, I was told it
consisted of detached parts of a V-I. They had probably been sent so
far forward in the hope that our front would have move a good
distance westward; at present this order was unfortunately pointless
but some idiot had forgotten to cancel it.

Seeing that this cursed trailer refused to return to a normal
position, I summoned all the occupants of the blocked trucks. Soon
hundreds of arms were working to unload; then we tipped the trailer
over into the lake below the road. In fifteen minutes the road was
free again.

That evening at Manderfeld I attended a veritable council of war.
The northern group of our tanks had advanced only at the cost of
bitter fighting. At present the armored units were fighting in front
of Stavelot, which the Americans were defending doggedly. News from
the other sector was more favorable, to be sure, but still far from
satisfactory. The enemy had undoubtedly been surprised by this
unforeseen offensive but they clung to their ground, whereas we had
hoped to see them retreat without fighting. As for the headlong
flight which alone would have allowed Operation Greif to obtain a
real success, it was not to be thought of. We could not even dream
of reaching the Meuse next day or the day after. Strong enemy
reserves were even now swinging energetically into battle.

In these circumstances, I must abandon our operation; any notion of
improvisation would have been sheer madness. Of course I did not
make this decision with a glad heart; but after pondering a long
time, I saw that I had no right to act otherwise. I informed the 6th
Army staff of this and received their approval. I also informed my
combat detachments, ordering them to bivouac where they were and to
await my instructions. I placed my brigade at the disposal of the
First Armored Corps SS—since we were on the spot we might as well be
of some use—and I asked that we be assigned an infantry mission
within the scope of our possibilities.

Meanwhile, as of December 18, the advance of the group to which we
now belonged, bogged down suddenly. At Troisponts, which the group
captured at eleven in the morning, the bridges had been blown up.
During the afternoon our troops seized La Gleize and Staumont. But
all the messages from the front lines were already clamoring for
munitions and motor fuel. So long as these two problems remained
unsolved, no progress was possible. And despite all our efforts, the
trucks sent to out help never reached us. All thought of an advance
must now be dismissed.

Next day a new worry arose. Almost the entire northern flank of the
salient carved by our offensive lay exposed. It was especially
through Malmedy, an important crossroads, that the enemy could throw
in their reserves southward to try to cut us off from the bases
whence we had started. I was asked if I were willing to stop up this
gap by attacking the town because once Malmedy was in our hands, we
need no longer fear an enemy thrust.

I accepted, of course, and gave three combat detachments orders to
assemble in the course of the day (December 20) around the village of
Engelsdorf. There I reported to the general staff of the First
Armored Division SS to ascertain whether an immediate attack were

As we had no field piece, we decided to attack Malmedy simultaneously
from two sides at dawn on December 21. Our objectives was a chain of
hills north of the town; we would dig in there so as to repulse all
possible enemy counterattacks. For the moment the two roads which
led southward into Malmedy were guarded by two groups of nine men
apiece, a slightly insufficient cover, in my opinion.

On December 20 a reconnaissance detachment which I sent to Malmedy
reported that the twon was doubtless held by the very weak enemy
forces. The Chief of this detachment with a frankness as
praiseworthy as it was disconcerning. He had not intended to cross
the lines at all but he had lost his way. Suddenly, when he least
expected it, he found himself close to the first houses of the town.
A few passers-by asked him whether the Germans were about to arrive.
Realizing that he had entered, which was still occupied by the
Americans, he turned right about and hurried back to Engelsdorf.

"In a word, we were confoundedly lucky!" he concluded, with a grimace
that suggested a smile.

From this adventure I gathered that the town was poorly defended.
Perhaps we could manage to capture it even without artillery
preparation. Anyhow I still had ten tanks—the others had broken down.

Meanwhile I received news from the groups sent behind the enemy lines
to disorganize the Allied rear. Out of nine groups which had
received these orders, six, or at most eight, must have really
crossed the line of fire. Even today, I am still unable to tell how
many. I can well understand that more than one of these young
soldiers hesitated to confess that, at the moment of infiltrating
into enemy positions, his courage failed him. On the other hand I
know that two of these groups were taken prisoner. Subsequently four
others offered such clear and precise reports that their veracity, I
should like to tell briefly of some of the episodes that took place
during this action.

The very first day of the offensive, one of these groups had passed
through the breach opened in the Allied front and advanced as far as
Huy, near the banks of the Meuse. There it had settled quietly at a
crossroads to observe the movements of the enemy troops. The team
leader, who spoke English fluently, had the nerve to stroll in the
neighborhood of the town in order to "get an idea of the situation."

After a few hours, an American armored regiment drove up and its
commandants asked our men the way. With remarkable presence of mind,
the team leaders gave him a wholly fantastic reply. These swinish
Germans, he told the American, had just cut off several roads. He
himself and his company had had t make a vast detour. The American
tanks, happy to have been warned in time, took to the roads which our
team leader had indicated.

On their way back, this group cut several telephone lines and removed
a number of signboards set up by the American Quartermaster Corps.
Twenty-four hours later they rejoined our lines, bringing with them
some interesting information on the disorder which reigned on the
American front at the beginning of the offensive.

Another of these small commandos, which had also crossed the American
lines and reached the Meuse, noticed that the Americans had done
virtually nothing to protect the bridges in this region. On their
way back to the German lines, our men had barred three main roads
leading to the front by affixing ribbons, which in the American army
denote mined areas, to the trees. Later we confirmed the fact that
Allied reinforcement columns, preferring to avoid these roads, had
taken a wide detour.

A third commando discovered an ammunition dump. Our men hid until
nightfall, then blew up the dump. Shortly after, finding a main
telephone line, they cut it in three places.

But by far the most extraordinary story was that of still another
group which, as early as December 16, found itself suddenly in front
of an American position. Two companies of G.1.'s, settling down as
though to withstand a long siege, had built barricades and stationed
machine guns around them. Our men must have been pretty badly scared
when an American officer asked them for the latest information from
the front.

Our commando leader, who wore a fine uniform which ostensibly made
him an American sergeant, tried to collect himself. Probably the
Americans attributed the fear still evident on the faces of our
soldiers to the results of their last encounter with those "damned
Germans." For, to believe the commando leader, the Germans had
already gone beyond this positions both on the right and on the left,
so that it was practically encircled. Much impressed, the American
captain gave immediate orders for retreat.

All in all, given the circumstances, the success of these commandos
went far beyond my expectations. And, a few days later, the American
station at Calais spoke of the discovery of an immense enterprise of
espionage and sabotage conducted under the orders of Colonel
Skorzeny, Mussolini's kidnapper. The American announced that they
had already captured more than 250 men in my brigade, a grossly
exaggerated figure. Subsequently I learned that Allied counter-
spies, filled with a noble ardor, had arrested a certain number of
authentic American soldiers or officers.

As for the comical stories I was told after the war by several
American officers, they would fill a volume. Captain X--, for
instance, found a German officer's chest in a French town and took a
pair of boots out of it. As they happened to fit him, he wore them
every day. But the M.P.'s, set loose on a spy hunt, deduced that
Captain X—was, and must incontestably be, a German spy. So the
luckless officer was arrested and rather roughly handled. He assured
me that he would never forget the week he spent in a most
uncomfortable prison.

One day, two young lieutenants who had arrived in France in 1944 were
invited to lunch by the commandant of a unit which was already
accustomed to the rigorous like at the front. Polite and amiable,
they brought themselves called upon to voice their appreciation of
this meal, though it consisted only of canned food. This praise and
also their spotless uniforms made them so eminently suspect that
hastily summoned M.P.'s dragged them from their chairs and threw them
into prison. For the veterans, disgusted with canned foods, could
not conceive how an authentic American might find praise for such
sickening food.

Not was this all. Believing me capable of the most frightful crimes
and of the boldest designs, American counterespionage considered
itself bound to take exceptional measures to assure the security of
the high command. Accordingly General Eisenhower was sequestered in
his own general headquarters for several days; he was forced to
settle in a little house, guarded by several cordons of M.P.'s. Soon
the general had enough of it and sought by all means to escape this
surveillance. The counterespionage authorities even managed to find
a double for Eisenhower. Every day the pseudo commander-in-chief,
clad in general's uniform, had to get into his chief's car and drive
to Paris in order to attract the attention of the "German spies."

Similarly, during the entire Ardennes offensive, Marshal Montgomery
ran the risk of being stopped and questioned by the M.P.'s. a
pleasant jokester had spread the rumor that a member of Skorzeny's
band was engaged in spying disguised as a British marshal. So the
M.P.'s carefully examined minutely the appearance and bearing of
every British general traveling in Belgium.

After this short digression, let us return to Malmedy. On the
afternoon of December 20, two of my detachments reached Engelsdorf;
the third was much too far away to get there in time. Decidedly, we
would not be numerous enough to get in one another's way.

I decided to launch the attack on December 21 at dawn. The first
detachment was to attack from the southwest; the second, commanded by
Foelkersam, from the southwest. They were to attempt to break the
first enemy lines and to occupy the center of the town. In case they
met with stiff resistance, they would leave one part of the men in
front of the American positions and, together with the bulk of the
troops, they would occupy the hills of north Malmedy.

At exactly five o'clock, the columns began the attack. A few minutes
later a violent cannonade cut short the first detachment which then
broke contact and retreated to its jumping—off points. As for the
second column, I soon began wondering what on earth had happened to
it. For more than an hour I had received no news. As soon as it was
broad daylight, I left on foot for the line of fire. From the crest
of a hill, I enjoyed an excellent view over the wide curve of the
road west of Malmedy; the town itself was hidden in a fold of the
ground. On this section of the road, looking through my field glass,
I descried six of our Panther tanks engaged in a merciless and
hopeless struggle against obviously superior armored forces. The
devil! These were the tanks which were meant to cover the left flank
of our attacks.

Foelkersam, ardent and tenacious as he was, seemed unwilling as yet
to abandon his intention of storming the city. Soon, though, the
first soldiers started coming back towards our positions. They
informed me that they had run into solid and strongly defended
fortifications which seemed impregnable without artillery support.
Our tanks put up a desperate fight to cover at least the retreat. I
regrouped the men behind the hill in order to repulse a possible
enemy counterattack. But where was Foelkersam? I did not see him

Our combat cars brought back the last wounded. My anxiety grew
apace. Could I have lost my intimate friend and my faithful
collaborator in this stupid affair? At last he came into sight and
began to climb the meadow which led to the crest of the hill. I
noticed that he was leaning heavily on the Medical Officer's arm.
When he reached me, he sat down very cautiously on the damn earth.
With a feeble smile, he explained to me that he had caught a splinter
of ammunition in the most fleshy portion of his anatomy.

Under the protection of a few bazookas, we held a conference.
Presently the chief of the armored company came limping up; we had
thought him dead. He announced that, pushing through the American
artillery positions, he had smashed a battery. Only a counter attack
by a column twice the size of his had thrown him back to the wide
curve of the road. But, while trying to stand his ground in this
particularly exposed spot in order to permit our infantry so swing
into action, he had lost his tanks to the very last one.

So we must necessarily remain inactive, at least for the time being.
During the afternoon, I pulled my detachments up unto the crest of
the hills where we occupied a terribly thin front, eight miles long.
Meanwhile enemy artillery fire kept growing heavier by the hour; it
amounted to a pounding that systematically crushed the village of
Engelsdorf and the surrounding roads.

Towards evening I went to division headquarters to make my report.
Having explained our situation to the chief of staff, I repaired to
the only hotel in the tiny place. I was about thirty or more yards
from it when a whistling I knew all too well sent me under the vault
with one leap. An instant later a huge shell crashed into the
trailer which served as office for the chief of staff. The latter
was very lucky: when we dragged him out of the debris, we found that,
except for a splinter in the back, he had come out unscathed.

As a stay in this place was becoming more and more unhealthy, I
jumped into my car, which had luckily been under shelter behind the
hotel; my chauffeur threw out his clutch and started off at top
speed. It was a dark night and out lights were, of course, carefully
camouflaged. Slowly, groping our way, we tried to advance, being
very careful to stay in the middle of the road. We had scarcely
crossed the little bridge when three shell exploded quite near us. I
felt a sort of crash against my forehead, leaped instinctively out of
the open car and dive into the ditch. A moment later a truck, coming
from the opposite direction, ran smack into my car. Something hot
streamed over my face; I felt my cheeks and nose cautiously; above my
right eye, my fingers sank into a shred of flaccid, loose flesh.
Terrified, I could not repress a start. Had I lost an eye? That
would be the worst possible thing that could happen to me. My whole
life long, I had pitied the blind; their fate had always struck me as
particularly horrible. Without even bothering about the shells which
were now raining down almost everywhere around me, I gently explored
the space below this torn flesh. God be praised, I felt my eye
resting safely in its socket.

I collected myself immediately. My chauffeur was unhurt, my car had
withstood the collision and was actually able to run. We managed to
turn right around—and a few moments later we were back at division

Judging by the flabbergasted expressions on the officer's faces, I
must have been in a pretty state. With the help of a mirror and, of
course, of my left eye, I examined my wretched face. Obviously I was
not what you might call handsome. But when my chauffeur discovered
four holes in the right leg of my trousers and when I found that my
skin bore the traces of two splinters that had whizzed by, and my
good humor came back in a trice. Yes, surely, I was a lucky devil!

Waiting for the doctor was fairly pleasant, thanks to a glass of
cognac and a goulash served by the field kitchen. Unfortunately I
had trouble in smoking; my blood immediately soaked the cigarette
which had a strange taste.

At last the M.O. arrived, bawled me out copiously instead of being
happy to se me alive, and decided to take me immediately to the
infirmary. To tell the truth, I was happy to be leaving this
infernal valley; perhaps I would have left my hide there after all.

Despite the doctor's wish to evacuate me to the rear, I expressed the
intention of taking command of my unit again at the earliest possible
moment. The situation was really too serious for me to dream of
going back to Germany. Besides, I felt almost fit. The surgeon
shrugged his shoulders, gave me a local anaesthetic, extracted a few
splinters of bone, and sewed up the wound again. A tight dressing
now kept the flesh in place. Next day I returned to my post.

There I saw that our positions risked becoming untenable. The enemy
artillery seemed to feel a veritable predilection of our meager
effectives. During the day a shell made a direct hit on a place
particularly propitious for solitary meditation; another passed
through the stable door and killed our unfortunate cow.

The following night, we were awakened by unusual sounds. V-I's, above
our heads, marked their flaming trajectories across the skies. Here
was a certain consolation for the stubborn absence of the Luftwaffe!
But when, one or two nights later, one of these rockets crashed
against a hill about a hundred yards from our house—fortunately it
did not explode—we banished all feelings of consolation. Who could
guarantee that the next V-I would not cause greater damage? Perhaps
there was some foundation to the rumors that the foreign workmen who
set up the devices for the direction of the V-I's were sabotaging
these delicate machines with increasing frequency.

On December 23, I left for Meyrode to shake up the staff of the 6th
Armored Army. Our equipment was lamentable, the more so because it
had not been intended for so long a battle. As we had no field
kitchens, the preparation of a hot meal raised an anxious problem
every day. We lacked winter clothing and especially, over and above
everything, we lacked artillery.

My trip was fairly lively. The return of fair weather had freed the
skies for enemy airplanes. We had continually to stop and throw
ourselves into the ditches.

When, to avoid a dangerous crossroads we cut across country, we had
no ditches at hand; at such times we would lie flat on our bellies,
our noses buried in manure. During one of these exercises, suddenly
I began to shudder, my teeth chattered and I broke into a sweat.
Doubtless this little access of fever came from my wound for despite
the dressing, it was slightly infected.

In an abandoned farm, I lay on a peasant bed, swallowed a few aspirin
tablets and downed a toddy that had more rum to it than water. My
chauffeur and my orderly officer went on to Meyrode without me. When
they returned, a few hours later, I was well enough to return "home,"
in other words, to my command post.

On December 24 the heavy battery we had awaited so long reported at
last. Immediately I showed the officer in command the emplacements I
had had prepared for him, or rather for his guns. Then, with the
help of a map, I explained the objectives which he was to take under
fire. He shook his head, cleared his throat and listened to me in
silence. But when I asked him to se up his guns quickly, he regained
the power of speech:

"Colonel," he said, "I must tell you that my ammunition in its
entirety consists of sixteen shells per gun and that, for the moment,
I can count on no further supply of ammunition."

At first, I stood there, too dumbfounded to utter a single word. I
wondered whether I should laugh or weep. Here was the artillery,
which we had awaited so impatiently, arriving on Christmas day,
almost like a present—but we had no ammunition! Obviously the
battery commander could not help it; indeed he was heartbroken. But
my conversation with the staff of the 6th Army was rather brisk.
Naturally my bursts of anger were useless; we would never receive
that ammunition.

More than once I thought of my last conversation with the Fuhrer.
According to his statement, the Todt Organization had taken all
necessary measures; gasoline and ammunition were to be transported
without delay to the very front lines. To this end, the Todt
Organization was to place immense stores of wood along the roads to
fuel the trucks. But in spite of all my innumerable journeys across
the entire region, I never saw a single one of these wood-burning
trucks. I defy anyone to understand this….

On December 28, 1944, we were relieved by an infantry division. Next
day we settled in temporary billets east of Saint-Vith. Soon, there
was the general retreat which swept us back to Germany.

Foy myself, as for the whole German Army, the great offensive of the
Ardennes ended in a great defeat.

Skorzeny, Otto. "Skorzeny's Secret Missions: War Memoirs of the Most
Dangerous Man in Europe." Trans. Jacques Le Crecq. New York: E. P.
Dutton and Co., Inc., 1950.

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