BILL NUMBER: SB 670 INTRODUCED
INTRODUCED BY Senator Dunn
FEBRUARY 22, 2005
An act relating to Mexican repatriation.
LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST
SB 670, as introduced, Dunn. Mexican repatriation program of the
This bill would enact
the "Apology Act for the 1930s Mexican
Repatriation Program" and make findings and declarations regarding
removal and coerced emigration of United States
citizens and legal residents of Mexican descent, between the years
and 1944, to Mexico from the United States during the 1930s
"Mexican Repatriation" Program.
The bill would
express the apology of the State of California to
those individuals who were illegally deported and coerced into
to Mexico and would require that a plaque be placed and
maintained in a public place to commemorate this event.
Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes.
State-mandated local program: no.
THE PEOPLE OF THE
STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:
SECTION 1. This act may be cited as the "Apology Act for
Mexican Repatriation Program."
SEC. 2. The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
Beginning in 1929, government authorities and certain private
sector entities in California and throughout the United States
an aggressive program to forcibly remove persons of Mexican
ancestry from the United States.
(b) In California
alone, approximately 400,000 American citizens
and legal residents of Mexican ancestry were forcibly removed to
(c) In total, it is estimated that two million people of Mexican
ancestry were forcibly relocated to Mexico, approximately
of whom had been born in the United States, including the State of
Throughout California, massive raids were conducted on
Mexican-American communities, resulting in the clandestine removal
thousands of people, many of whom were never able to return to the
United States, their country of birth.
(e) These raids also had the effect of coercing thousands of
people to leave the country in the face of threats and acts
(f) These raids indiscriminately targeted persons of Mexican
ancestry, with authorities
and others characterizing these persons as
"illegal aliens" even when they were United States citizens or
(g) Authorities in California and other states instituted programs
to wrongfully remove
persons of Mexican ancestry and secure
transportation arrangements with railroads, automobiles, ships, and
to effectuate the wholesale removal of persons out of the
United States to Mexico.
(h) As a result of these
illegal activities, families were forced
to abandon, or were defrauded of, personal and real property, which
sold by local authorities as "payment" for the
transportation expenses incurred in their removal from the United
(i) As a further result of these illegal activities, United States
citizens and legal residents
were separated from their families and
country and were deprived of their livelihood and United States
(j) As a further result of these illegal activities, United States
citizens were deprived of the
right to participate in the political
process guaranteed to all citizens, thereby resulting in the tragic
due process and equal protection of the laws.
SEC. 3. The State of California apologizes to those individuals
in Section 2 for the fundamental violations of their basic
civil liberties and constitutional rights committed during the
of illegal deportation and coerced emigration. The State of
California regrets the suffering and hardship those
their families endured as a direct result of the government sponsored
Repatriation Program of the 1930s.
SEC. 4. A plaque shall commemorate the individuals described in
Section 2 and shall be placed and maintained at a
On The U. S. Illegal Policy of Deportation