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On Slavery
Cultural Extremists
On the 'Nican Tlaca' Enigma
The Myth of the Vanishing Race
The Mestizo Concept: A Product of European Imperialism
El concepto de indio en América
OBITUARIES: G. Tantaquidgeon, 106
Christopher Columbus - on trial
Charioteer of the Gods/ Alien Versus Predator
The International Jew
On The Jewish Question
Anthropophagy: TRUE CANNIBALISM!
On Human Sacrifice
Sacrificios Humanos entre los Mexicas, Realidad o Fantasia?
Sacrificios Humanos
Death Be Not Strange
Jack D. Forbes: Eurocentric Concepts Harm Native People and What Do We Mean By America and American
Contra la deformación histórica-cultural
Nuestra Cultura Indígena
On the Spanish Catholic Inquisition
Myths of the Spaniards and Puritans
On the behavior of the Europeans toward the Native Americans
The Role of Disease in 'Conquest'
Germs, Plagues, Famine, Invasion, Friars, And Native Allies!
"Religious Aspects of the Conquest of Mexico"
There is no word for 'Devil' in the Nahuatl Language
Origins of First Americans Research
Links to Further research On the Origins of the First Americans
The Finding and Founding of Tenochtitlan
Attack on the Copernican Theory
Of the basis which the Indians have for worshipping the sun
ADDENDUM II: The Florentine Codex
Rabinal Achi: Act Four--Inside the Fortress
Cultural Visibility and the Cora
Los Voladores and the Return of the Ancestors
War Songs of the Tenochka
Cantares Mexicanos
Viva Mi General Francisco Villa!
In Spirit of Agustin Lorenzo
Corridos y Canciones del Pueblo
Poems & Speeches & Prayers & the Enemy Invasion
Second Chapter, Which Telleth of the Moon
Men Who Became Gods!
The Mexica or Mexiti
In Ixiptla In Teteo!
Teotecpillatolli: Noble Sacred Speech
Nahua Invocations
Cuento: La llorona
Puerta del Diablo: El Salvador
Moctezuma el Magnifico y la Invasion de Anahuak
In Blood and Fire!!
Excerpts of the Geneva Protocols
Amendment V, and The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 18
Paper Wars
The Defense of Duffer's Drift
The Battle of the Bulge
Truth and Falsehood in War-Time
The Bryce Report
Sun Tzu: Arte de Guerra
Sun Tzu: On Spies
We Believe and Profess
Mushashi: Cinco Anillos
Sixth Chapter, which telleth of the men, the valiant men
Seeds of Revolt in the Americas: Synopsis
'Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders' & 'License To Kill'
Jose Ortega Y Gasset: On Plato's 'Republic' and On Forms of Government
Thomas Paine (17371809). Common Sense. 1776 [Excerpts]
Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality
Introduction to Deloria's "We Talk, You Listen"
My Tayta Jose Maria and the Indian aspect of the Peruvian Revolution
Philip Deere, Longest Walk speech
Bacbi'awak: 'Made To Die'
Born Gods!
Prologue: "The Stars We Know: Crow Indian Astronomy and Life-ways"
Black Elk Speaks: Visions of the Other World
Miantinomo, Acuera, and Tecumseh, Hatuey Speaks
Chief Seattle Speaks
Chief Red Cloud Speaks
Hopi: A Message for All People
On Judeo-Christianity
"LET'S MAKE A SLAVE" by Willie Lynch
On Slavery
On Indian Casinos
¿Quién Gobierna el Mundo?
Frida Kahlo is Not Our Hero!
Links to Movies and Films
General Links to Musica del Pueblo (Songs and Music Videos)
General Philosophy & Mytho-Religious Links
Links to Online Magazines and Newspaper
Researchers Tools and Links
Links to General Science, Almanacs & Geography
Search Engines
Literature & Biography Links
Links to Art, Architecture, & Museums
LINKS to Political and Cultural Pro-American-Indigenous Organizations
Aristotle on Slavery
By Aristotle
Translated by Benjamin Jowett

350 B.C.E

Book 1

"…Hence we see what is the nature and office of a slave; he who is by
nature not his own but another's man, is by nature a slave; and he
may be said to be another's man who, being a human being, is also a
possession. And a possession may be defined as an instrument of
action, separable from the possessor.

But is there any one thus intended by nature to be a slave, and for
whom such a condition is expedient and right, or rather is not all
slavery a violation of nature?

There is no difficulty in answering this question, on grounds both of
reason and of fact. For that some should rule and others be ruled is
a thing not only necessary, but expedient; from the hour of their
birth, some are marked out for subjection, others for rule."


See also,

Christianity's Views on Slavery:

Key Ideas about St. Thomas Aquinas

xvi. Like Augustine, he holds that slavery is the result of original


The teaching authority and slavery

A Dominican Friar on Slavery:
I still think that Aristotle had a good point whe he argued that
those who are not sufficiently liberally educated are unable to
participate in political discussions and hence are really slaves.
Aristotle predicted that if machines could be invented to do the work
of slaves, then all members of a society could be liberally educated,
and thus free. Aquinas, however, believed that the cause of this
inveterate injustice in the world is original sin that has plunged
humanity into poverty and war in which the losers became the slaves
of the conquerors. Therefore the remedy cannot be machines alone but
must be the virtue of justice. This issue in political theory and in
political reality is no wise obsolete; although this exploitation is
no longer named "slavery" and covered up by democratic slogans, it
continues even in our rich United States.



Slavery in the Bible:

People in debt (and their children) were still being sold into
slavery in New Testament times:

Matthew 18:25: "But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord
commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he
had, and payment to be made."

Priests still owned slaves:

Mark 14:66: "And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh
one of the maids of the high priest:"

Jesus is recorded as mentioning slaves in one of his parables. It is
important to realize that the term "servant" in the King James
Version of the Bible refers to slaves, not employees like a butler,
cook, or maid. Here, a slave which did not follow his owner's will
would be beaten with many lashes of a whip. A slave who was unaware
of his owner's will, but who did not behave properly, would also be
beaten, but with fewer stripes.

This would have been a marvelous opportunity for Jesus to condemn the
institution of slavery and its abuse of slaves. But he is not
recorded of having taken it:

Luke 12:45-48: "The lord [owner] of that servant will come in a day
when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and
will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the
unbelievers. And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and
prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be
beaten with many stripes. But he that knew not, and did commit things
worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few stripes. For unto
whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom
men have committed much, of him they will ask the more."

One of the favorite passages of slave-owning Christians was St.
Paul's infamous instruction that slaves to obey their owners in the
same way that they obey Christ:

Ephesians 6:5-9: "Servants, be obedient to them that are your
masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in
singleness of your heart, as unto Christ; Not with eyeservice, as
menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God
from the heart; With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not
to men: Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same
shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free. And, ye
masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening:
knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect
of persons with him."

Other passages instructing slaves and slave owners in proper behavior

Colossians 4:1: "Masters, give unto your servants that which is just
and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven."
1 Timothy 6:1-3 "Let as many servants as are under the yoke count
their own masters worthy of all honor, that the name of God and his
doctrine be not blasphemed. And they that have believing masters, let
them not despise them, because they are brethren; but rather do them
service, because they are faithful and beloved, partakers of the
benefit. These things teach and exhort. If any man teach otherwise,
and consent not to wholesome words, even the words of our Lord Jesus
Christ, and to the doctrine which is according to godliness;"

In his defense, St. Paul incorrectly expected that Jesus would return
in the very near future. This might have demotivated him from
speaking out against slavery or other social evils in the Roman
Empire. Also he regarded slaves as persons of worth whom at least God
considers of importance. St. Paul mentioned that both slaves and free
persons are sons of God, and thus all part of the body of Christ and
spiritually equal.

1 Corinthians 12:13: "For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one
body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and
have been all made to drink into one Spirit."
Galatians 3:28: "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither
bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one
in Christ Jesus."
Colossians 3:11: "Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision
nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is
all, and in all."

St. Paul apparently saw no evil in the concept of one person owning
another as a piece of property. In his Letter to Philemon, he had
every opportunity to discuss the immorality of slave-owning, but
declined to do so.

Deuteronomy 23:15-16, cited above, requires a Jew to protect a
runaway slave, and to not return him/her to their owner.. However,
St. Paul violated the law. While in prison, he met a runaway slave,
Onesimus, the slave of a Christian. He was presumably owned by
Pheliemon. Rather than give the slave sanctuary, he returned him to
his owner. Paul seems to hint that he would like Pheliemon to give
Onesimus his freedom, but does not actually request it. See the
Letter to Philemon in the Christian Scriptures.


See also,
Jews and the Black Holocaust
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